Web development skills are grossly categorised into front-end and backend development. Any web development company must have skilled and experienced professionals comprising both frontend and backend developers. Frontend refers to all the client-side elements while the backend refers to the server-side elements. After understanding this basic difference you need to know what website frontend and backend functions are responsible for.
To help you understand in a simple way let us say that all the look and feel, UI & UX interface and features of a website that a user interacts with belong to front end while all the server-side coding and behind-the-scene output that helps these frontend elements to function belong to the backend. Both play an equally important role to deliver a useful and effective web experience.
As the required skills for frontend and backend development are different, generally the frontend and backend developers are hired separately for web development projects. If you are an aspiring frontend developer, you need to acquire certain skills and expertise in programming certain languages. Here throughout this post, we are going to explain these skills required for frontend development.
5 Must-Have Skills Every Frontend Developer Should Have
Every frontend developer must be versed with few technologies that for years have been synonymous with website development. Here we are going to explain 5 most crucial skills any frontend developer should acquire.
- HTML and CSS
For building the client side web layout and look and feel of web pages, these two come as the basic technologies. Only with these two, you can create the look and feel of a web layout instead of plain text on the screen. While HTML is the most popular client-side scripting language, CSS helps to add style and ornamentation to help to make the content appear beautiful, appealing and useful for the users.
- Debugging and Testing
The final skill that any frontend developer cannot do without is debugging and app testing. Having bugs and coding errors in the development process is quite obvious and to prevent them from harming the app performance you need to clear the bugs. You also need to use unit testing frameworks to test specific areas of the website separately. Through unit testing, you can know how your website behaves and where you need to address the shortcomings.
- AngularJS offers two-way data binding.
- It comes with DOM manipulation capability.
- It offers a comprehensive range of features for modern web UI and UX.
- It enjoys continuous and robust support from Google.
- Developers also enjoy constant support from a huge community base.
- It comes with inbuilt support for progressive web apps.
- It is equipped with an optimizer that helps integrating Material Design
- ReactJS comes with a very low learning curve
- Virtual DOM of ReactNative delivers great UX and boosts performance
- React Native helps faster development with reusable components.
- React Native provides stable code by allowing data flow in one direction
- It comes with an open-source library accommodating contributions from developers all over the globe.
- React can be rendered on the server side.
- Vue.js is small-sized and extremely lightweight.
- VueJS has a low learning curve.
- It comes with comprehensive documentation
- It is a highly flexible framework that used to allow two-way communication
- The framework is highly geared to ensure optimum performance.
- It comes with its own debugging tool called Ember Inspector
- It comes with two-way data binding feature.
- The framework also comes with comprehensive documentation
- The framework is very well organized
- It ensures faster development with the use of Ember CLI
- Helps to build front-end apps easily with all sophisticated feature set.
- It is capable to come with automatic updates of the HTML code whenever the app model goes through any change.
- It is capable to support a wide variety of projects.
- It enjoys the support of a large community.
- It also syncs with the backend of the app easily.
All the above-mentioned technologies and frameworks are widely popular among frontend developers primarily because of their performance, comprehensive documentation, feature set, lower learning curve and flexible integration with other architectures.